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Austria profile
landlocked; strategic location at the crossroads of central Europe with many easily traversable Alpine passes and valleys; major river is the Danube; population is concentrated on eastern lowlands because of steep slopes, poor soils, and low temperatures elsewhere
Austria history
Once the center of power for the large Austro-Hungarian Empire, Austria was reduced to a small republic after its defeat in World War I. Following annexation by Nazi Germany in 1938 and subsequent occupation by the victorious Allies in 1945, Austria's status remained unclear for a decade. A State Treaty signed in 1955 ended the occupation, recognized Austria's independence, and forbade unification with Germany. A constitutional law that same year declared the country's "perpetual neutrality" as a condition for Soviet military withdrawal. The Soviet Union's collapse in 1991 and Austria's entry into the European Union in 1995 have altered the meaning of this neutrality. A prosperous, democratic country, Austria entered the EU Economic and Monetary Union in 1999.
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Conventional long form: Republic of Austria
Conventional short form: Austria
Local long form: Republik Oesterreich
Local short form: Oesterreich
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Austria's capital city is Vienna
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Austria Constitution:

1 October 1920; revised 1929; reinstated 1 May 1945; revised many times; note - during the period 1 May 1934-1 May 1945 there was a fascist (corporative) constitution in place
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Austria population growth rate: 0.02%
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Austria highest point: Grossglockner 3,798 m
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Austria lowest point: Neusiedler See 115 m
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About 16% of Austria's land is arable.
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Danube River is the Longest River in Austria
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Austria birth rate is 9 births/1,000 population
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Austria infant mortality rate is 4 deaths/1,000 live births
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Austria fertility rate is 1.42 children born/woman
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Austria climate:

temperate; continental, cloudy; cold winters with frequent rain and some snow in lowlands and snow in mountains; moderate summers with occasional showers
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Top 10 cities of Austria with populations (2012 est.) are:
1. Vienna: 1,731,236
2. Graz: 265,318
3. Linz: 191,107
4. Salzburg: 148,521
5. Innsbruck: 121,329
6. Klagenfurt: 94,796
7. Villach: 59,585
8. Wels: 58,717
9. Sankt Pölten: 52,048
10. Dornbirn: 45,978
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Austria ethnic groups:

Austrians 91.1%, former Yugoslavs 4% (includes Croatians, Slovenes, Serbs, and Bosniaks), Turks 1.6%, German 0.9%, other or unspecified 2.4%
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Austria Exports:

machinery and equipment, motor vehicles and parts, paper and paperboard, metal goods, chemicals, iron and steel, textiles, foodstuffs
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Austria Imports:

machinery and equipment, motor vehicles, chemicals, metal goods, oil and oil products; foodstuffs
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bicameral Federal Assembly or Bundesversammlung consists of Federal Council or Bundesrat (62 seats; delegates appointed by state parliaments with each state receiving 3 to 12 seats in proportion to its population; members serve five- or six-year terms) and the National Council or Nationalrat (183 seats; members elected by popular vote for a five-year term under a system of proportional representation with partially-open party lists)

Administrative Divisions:
9 states (Bundeslaender, singular - Bundesland):
1. Burgenland
2. Karnten (Carinthia)
3. Niederoesterreich (Lower Austria)
4. Oberoesterreich (Upper Austria)
5. Salzburg
6. Steiermark (Styria)
7. Tirol (Tyrol)
8. Vorarlberg
9. Wien (Vienna)
Political parties and leaders:
Alliance for the Future of Austria (BZOe) - Josef BUCHER

Austrian People's Party (OeVP) - Michael SPINDELEGGER

Freedom Party of Austria (FPOe) - Heinz Christian STRACHE

Social Democratic Party of Austria (SPOe) - Werner FAYMANN

The Greens - Eva GLAWISCHNIG

Communist Party of Austria (KPOe) - Mirko MESSNER

"Team Stronach for Austria" - Frank STRONACH